the 360' tour of Carlisle
by William Rufus in 1092, Carlisle was to act as the barrier against
the Scots in the northen lands.
castle was built upon the remains of a Roman garrison fort, which
had stood here from the first to fourth centuries, and which had
still been there in 685AD when St Cuthbert visited carlisle.
Initially the castle may have been little more than a wooden stockade
atop a single rampart; it wasn't till 30 years later that Henry
I ordered the the works at Carlisle be fortified with a castle and
work at Carlisle Castle was completed by the Scots King David I,
who in 1135 captured Carlisle, The Scots ruled at Carlisle till
1157 when the city was retaken by Henry II.
gatehouse of Carlisle Castle, 'modernised' in 1383 to provide
accomodation for the Warden of the Marches.
1541 the castle was 'modernised' by Stefan von Hachenperg, who replaced
the medieval battlements of the keep with gun embrasures, and backed
the north and west inner bailey walls with ramparts wide enough
to carry guns.
Queen of Scots
Carlisle's fame as a Castle was enhanced in 1568 when Mary, Queen
of Scots was held prisoner there, between the May and July of that
The next major event in the castle's life was the capture by the
Jacobites in 1745 and it's occupation by Bonnie Prince Charlie.
Carlisle was besieged and taken in just six days by the attacking
Jacobite army. The occupation lasted barely three weeks, as the
Duke of Cumberland's forces bombarded the castle and rertook it
in December 1745.
Castle's entrance, showing the bridge across the moat.
The Jacobite survivors of Cumberland's attack on Carlisle were held
first in the castle's dungeons, before been taken to Capon Hill
at Brampton, where they were hung and disemboweled, or exiled abroard.
As an aside to this, the prisoners held at Carlisle were treated
in such a manner, that to get water, they had to lick the walls
of their cells. Today you can see in the dungeons of the castle
the 'licking stones'.
The castle today is in the care of English Heritage, and along with
housing the Kings Own Royal Border Regiment, is also home to the
The castle is open seven days a week during summer months, 10:00am
In Carlisle city centre (OS Map 85; ref NY 397563) Local Tourist
Information in Carlisle (01228 625600)
By Train: Carlisle station ½ mile
By Bus: From surrounding areas
Carlisle Castle on: 01228 591922