1. Conserve fuel by turning down the heat at night and while you are away from your home — or install a programmable thermostat. Shut curtains, doors and windows when heating up your home.
2. Switch off appliances that are not being used. Turn appliances off from the standby function like the television or computer and turn off your appliances at the wall. Appliances that are on standby still use significant amounts of energy and cost money.
3. Ensure you have good ventilation and balanced humidity in your home to prevent the growth of mould and mildew, which can be harmful to your health.
4. Take a shower instead of a bath – it uses roughly 20% of the energy and lower water costs as well.
5. Turn the thermostat down by 1 degree C you can cut your heating bills by 10%.
6. Fit linings to curtains and close these at night and open in the morning – make use of the natural sunlight. If you are in one part of the house, also try to shut the doors to that area or room and heat or cool only that part of the house.
7. Change all your light bulbs to energy efficient bulbs - which will save you money as well as energy – each one can save you up to £10 a year.
8. Check for draughts – a simple measure like draught proofing the gaps can shave £15 off those bills.
9. Consider installing renewable energy devices such as solar thermal, solar PV (a solar power technology that uses solar photovoltaic arrays or solar cells to provide electricity), ground source heat pumps or micro-wind.
10. Keep lids on saucepans when cooking – more than a quarter of fuel is wasted when cooking without a lid.
11. Set your hot water thermostats to 60 degrees C. This is plenty hot enough each 10 degrees C = 10% to your fuel bills.
12. Think about cooking a meal in the microwave – it uses 80% less electricity than a conventional oven.
13. Boil only the amount of water you need in a kettle. If you boil the kettle 8 times a day you can save £10 a year.
14. Switch your batteries to rechargable or solar rechargables if batteries are unavoidable.
15. Use non-toxic cleaning alternatives in your home.
16. Use low temperature washes and eco-friendly detergents.
17. Furnish your home with furniture made out of natural fibres, wood, metal and glass.
18. Choose water based latex paints over solvent based paints when painting your home. Never use lead based paints.
19. If you have a furnace, fireplace or gas heater, have them serviced regularly to prevent deadly fumes and install a carbon monoxide detector.
20. Do not throw out your toxic household wastes, such as paint, paint thinner, and car fluids in the dustbin or down the drain. Check with your local facilities for proper disposal and avoid these products in the future.
21. Avoid the use of aerosols.
For free and impartial advice on energy efficiency call the Cornwall Energy Efficiency Advice Centre - 0800 512012