United Nations Convention on Climate Change
Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) agreement was established in 1992 between countries around the world to tackle climate change. It was set up as it was believed that the activities of humans was affecting the climate and disturbing the way it works, by altering the way its heat escapes from the planet. It was decided that the alteration of the global climate was so serious a specific global convention needed address the problem.
The obstacle faced when arranging the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change was getting different countries to agree. However, on 21st March 1994 the treaty took effect after 165 states signed up to it (although not all of them ratified it, making it law).
The aim of the Convention was to get countries to agree to stabilise greenhouse gases concentrations, however it didn't specify the limit of these concentrations. The 2008 United Nations Climate Change Conference took place in Poznan, Poland from 1-12 December. It is hoped that a new international agreement, to follow on from Kyoto, will be signed at the 2009 conference in Copenhagen. Much of the event in Poland was focused on making progress towards Copenhagen rather than on agreeing anything definitive proposals or resolutions.
Further meetings have continued through the year in preparation for Copenhagen and at Bonn, Germany in June the UNFCCC Executive Secretary Yvo de Boer commented that the big achievement of the Bonn meeting was that, “…it has made clear what governments want to see in a Copenhagen agreement, which shows their commitment to reaching an agreement.”