This video explains blends, also known as consonant clusters.
When consonants get together in a word, their sounds often just blend together. For example, STEP starts with the two sounds ‘s’ and ‘t’, which blend together to make ‘st’. This is different from letter teams (digraphs), where the two letters team up to make a new sounds (such as SH).
There are lots of blends. Some come at the start of words (such as step, clap, frog and street). Some come at the end (such as end, cats, lamp and best). Some words have blends at both ends (such as blend, stamp and crank).
To have fun with letter blends, your child can play the Alphablocks episodes online: choose the green episodes.
When your child is confident with letter teams and letter blends, they are ready for long vowels.