Lisa Hammond in BBC Drama One Night

The issue of why disability is so invisible in writing… I feel it is an incredibly complex issue and an overwhelmingly simple one to fix!

Here’s the simple way to fix it! – Write characters that are foremost human (as you normally would) with all their beautiful neurosis and cast a good actor who happens to have a disability in a percentage of those roles…simple.  You will get a realistic portrayal because first and foremost disabled people are human and experience as wider range of dramas as anyone else would…… I truly believe if this happened it would change the world!

This currently doesn’t happen…

In my own experience/opinion this is why it doesn’t happen:


Fear of writers feeling they might get it “wrong” or that they have to be some sort of expert, or that the story would have to be centred around the impairment of the character and worries about if the script would go down well with the executives/producers.

A suggestion to move away from that fear:
The best representation - the most groundbreaking - is a hands off one - the character with the disability does not have to have a story written around that disability… they or others they talk to in the story do not have to discuss why they are the way they are.. Or why they are bitter because of the way they are…Or why they are an inspiration because they are the way they are….I know loads of disabled people and believe me their impairment is usually the least of their worries!  It’s their human stories/problems that are the juicy and dramatic parts of their lives!!  

Lisa Hammond in the BBC Drama Everytime You Look At Me

And if you DO want the characters impairment to be the focus, think about why?   

And if you are still convinced, just try to avoid massive clichés most of which are covered online when you type in “disability representation in the media” and do a bit of research on the clichés.  Or I would urge you to watch a short film called “Code of the Freaks” which is about representation of disabled characters in Hollywood, which you can get online. It’s an eye opener!
How do you ensure your writing includes people of different ethnicities? Think about doing a similar thing for disabilities?

The Fear from executives/producers, I think they are afraid of how “their audiences” might react, what “statement it would be making” about the drama/programme, the costs and access requirements of employing disabled actors…

Suggestion - well in this risk averse age it’s difficult to take punt but have trust, that your audience WILL accept it, play to that audience’s intelligence rather than their ignorance.  Yes I’m not stupid or deluded - there might be a moment where someone sitting watching telly might think ohh she looks weird or - ohhh he’s got a funny leg/eye/face whatever… but if the story is good and the acting is good they will accept it and even forget it.  And that’s the same thing when dealing with “What statement is it making” if we cast a disabled actor in that role without mentioning their condition.  The only statement you will be making is that people with disabilities have normal, sometimes wild, sometimes dull, sometimes insignificant, sometimes painful lives just like anyone else...

Fear from casting directors that they do not know where to get good disabled actors from, that the pool of people is small and limited, fear that it wouldn’t sit well with executives/producers and the access implications /costs of running a disability aware audition process…

Suggestions:  There ARE talented actors and actresses out there... If casting directors were to adopt “impairment blind casting” much as people do with “colour blind casting” then believe me you would see them come out of the woodwork!  Often when a call goes out for a disabled actor - the casting is so very limited - because the part has been written specifically about that impairment - it’s heavily marked that the story revolves around it - so the pool is massively reduced as to what choice you have with the actors you can audition… I’ve often gone up for “wheelchair user” roles and haven’t got the job because they’ve said I’m also small so they think that doesn’t seem “authentic”, or indeed been up for roles where they casting someone with short stature and because I use a wheelchair I’m too disabled not small - I once got called “too tall to be small” in an audition!  Try to be more open around this!  If it was a character that has a disability but it wasn’t a pivotal plot point - what does it matter what impairment they have?

Fear from directors feeling like they wouldn’t know how to direct a disabled actor and or having a set that is geared up to a person with a disability…

Suggestion - get over it!  The actor is a professional.

Fear from agents who represent the actors with disabilities about pushing their clients to be seen for “normal roles” within their casting brackets or requesting that their client needs access to a building or audition process - they get put off - they don’t want to “rock the boat” in their relationship with the casting director’s...

Suggestion: Also get over it!  Rock the boat! Mix it up and explain to the casting departments that your client would be great for the job and needs to be given the chance to audition.  Just to put that into perspective disabled actors get around 2 auditions a year for TV compared to their peers (with a similar CV but no disability) around 20 auditions…

And one that is close to my heart –
Fear from disabled actors - that they do not want to mention that the script/language/plot/character is clichéd because it’s so rare  to get an opportunity  to audition they don’t want to come across as difficult or political –they want to work!  

Suggestion: If we all took our part in the fight to change in our various roles within our industry - it wouldn’t be so frustrating and tiring for the actor to produce the answers always, or feeling like they are gaining a bit of a “reputation”.   It is important for actors to tread the line carefully between being an actor and an activist!  Be light about it - but DO mention the issue’s - how will anyone know if you don’t open up the conversation?  How will it change?

This brings us to cost/access worries - remember that the actor you will either be auditioning and or working with will have loads of experience with their specific impairment - simply ask them!   It is THEIR responsibility to tell you what they need and to take care of the specifics of their needs - it’s not for you to be guessing or worrying about!

They’re usually incredibly resourceful as we live in a world that is not accessible - so we deal with it all the time!  For example I’ve worked in theatres that have been wheelchair accessible front of house but not backstage - we get round it.   I’ve had to do auditions in cafés, my mate had to do an audition on the corner of Oxford St!  When I have auditions at Spotlight casting - I can’t reach the lift buttons so I have fashioned a retractable stick, which is now “my spotlight stick”… Some disabled actors when they are on set have to have a trailer that’s accessible - they don’t really exist - so my friend had a horsebox as a trailer?! Hahah!  We have a sense of humour and realize things aren’t perfect… 

Just please don’t let fear of all those unknowns put you into a place where you step away and decide it’s too much of a headache, the media is so powerful, we desperately need things to change - and EVERY single one of you can do something practical to help that happen.

Lisa Hammond’s acting credits include Everytime You Look at Me, One Night, Psychoville, Bleak House, Max and Paddy’s Road to Nowhere. 

Lisa formed part of the panel at this year’s TV Drama Writers’ Festival for the Key Note Debate: Changing the Face of Drama.  This was a session Instigated and chaired by Kate Rowland, BBC Creative Director New Writing & Head of writersroom, looking at the issue of the invisability of Disability in Television Drama. It was an opportunity for delegates to have a rethink and creative conversation about the changing face(s) of drama.  Writers Jack Thorne, Lucy Gannon, and actor Ben Owen Jones were also part of the panel. 



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  • Comment number 5. Posted by Dave M

    on 9 Aug 2012 14:14

    Brilliant post. We spoke brifly after your talk at the writer's festival and I think the fear of mis-representation does exist here and I am probly as guilty as anybody when avoiding the issue in my writing. Relax, and concentrate on the character! JULIET, on a side note I am studing the screenplay and it's role in adaptation as a PhD and am also writng a screenplay as part of my research, it would be great to chat about this...

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  • Comment number 4. Posted by Rich Indeed

    on 9 Aug 2012 12:41

    Having only read the title of this piece, I have decided that it discriminates against Bloods.

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  • Comment number 3. Posted by Juliet Marlow

    on 7 Aug 2012 11:50

    Great comments & advice from Lisa, wholeheartedly agree. As a writer with a physical disability I notice evidence every day of the problems Lisa mentions, and I agree most of them are rooted in fear; not just the fears she mentions but also the fear of facing the truth about disability, that it's a minority group anyone can become a member of in a heartbeat. It's understandable that most people prefer to not dwell on how fragile the human body can be, but it's not fair to ignore it completely. We're not a different species, just humans whose bodies don't behave in a usual way. It really isn't that scary and should be faced head on. I am about to start a PhD studying Disability Representation on Television and I will be writing a screenplay as part of my research. I hope to address these issues and offer some more useful solutions to add to Lisa's suggestions. For now I can only second her advice to writers; get a grip on reality, face your demons and write for us!

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  • Comment number 2. Posted by Marc George

    on 6 Aug 2012 14:30

    I think there's value in what Lisa has to say although I agree with FadeIn to a point.

    I believe it certainly is in our power (as writer's) to include descriptions of characters with disabilities and be more inclusive. I am certainly agreeable to be more mindful of that in future.

    I spent 18mths of my life in a wheelchair and a further year on crutches (as I learnt how to walk again) so have a rare insight to both points of view. I truly validate Lisa's point that disabled actors are just as talented and cliche is rife amongst such roles. However CBeebies has healthy and positive representations of disabilty in everyday roles.

    Where I disagree with Lisa is the culture of fear. I believe that most of us in the industry are guilty of sticking to what we know and that's it. Complancency which is its own sin - Facing the unknown in the time of uncertainity.

    Points well made Lisa and I for one hear you.

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  • Comment number 1. Posted by Monumental

    on 6 Aug 2012 13:54

    This post isn't really directed at writers' is it? The writer has no control over who is cast.

    I would only mention that a character had a 'disability', if that disability was significant to the plot. In the same way that I don't mention the colour of a character's skin or their ethnicity unless it is of some importance.

    There is therefore no reason why a deaf actor couldn't play my lead hero character or an amputee my character's love interest or a wheelchair user the rogue.

    So the way a screenplay is cast is as a result of the casting director's narrow view of the world - that narrow view of the world hasn't been written into the work. Not my work anyway.

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