The Welsh government has dropped plans to cull badgers as part of an attempt to wipe out bovine TB in cattle.
Environment Minister John Griffiths said he had instead opted to vaccinate the animals after carefully considering the scientific evidence.
A review of the science involved in controlling bovine TB was commissioned after last year's assembly elections.
The Farmers' Union of Wales attacked a "cowardly betrayal", while the RSPCA said it was "delighted and relieved".
The previous government had planned a pilot cull of badgers in west Wales.
But Mr Griffiths revealed on Tuesday that he was scrapping the plan, saying a five-year vaccination programme will start in the intensive action area - the TB hotspot in north Pembrokeshire where the cull was due to take place.