Thursday 16 December 2010
In 1993, Harvard political scientist Samuel Huntington published his famous Clash of Civilizations thesis of a post-Cold War new world order.
In it he argued that the dominating source of conflict in this new world would be primarily ideological or economic, but cultural, that "new patterns of conflict will occur along the boundaries of different cultures and patterns of cohesion will be found within the cultural boundaries".
Tonight, we dedicate much of the programme to asking whether this hypothesis was correct.
Do recent controversies such as the row over a proposed Islamic centre near Ground Zero, the burka ban in France and the eviction of American missionaries from Morocco indicate that Islam and the West are caught in an inevitable clash of civilizations?
We will discuss the issues with a panel including the Bishop of Rochester Dr Michael Nazir-Ali, Shaykh Ibrahim Mogra, chair of the Interfaith Relations Committee of the Muslim Council of Britain, and Stephen Green, national director of Christian pressure group Christian Voice.
Plus, we have reports from Egypt on the fate of Coptic Christians there and from Switzerland on how Muslims are faring in the wake of last year's minaret building ban.
Join Kirsty at 10.30pm on BBC Two.