England bowling lacks menace
The dismissal of Michael Vaughan late in the day was a crucial breakthrough for South Africa who, with still two full days left of this game, are hot favourites to take a 1-0 lead in this series.
Overall these are worrying times for England; their bowling shows a lack of penetration and menace. Stuart Broad and James Anderson can perhaps be excused for looking jaded after their efforts at Lord's, but while Andrew Flintoff and Monty Panesar tried hard, their failure to extract life from this Headingley pitch is a concern.
South Africa's bowling unit has shown more bite throughout this game and seems a lot more threatening.
As for the debutant Darren Pattinson, he looks a reasonable bowler with a decent action, but bowling at an average of 80 miles per hour, he does not look exceptional.
Was he really a better option than Steve Harmison, who I notice took another four wickets for Durham today, or local boy Matthew Hoggard or the likes of Simon Jones, Sajid Mahmood, Graham Onions and Liam Plunkett?
If Ryan Sidebottom is fit for the third Test at Edgbaston next week, then I suspect Pattinson could well join the "one Test wonder club" - just like Sidebottom's father, Arnie, who appeared in a match I played in back in 1985.
It was interesting to hear Nottinghamshire coach Mike Newell say during the lunch interval on Test Match Special that having picked Pattinson, the England selectors now have a duty to nurture him even if he does not feature in the next Test.
A lot has been said about England's bowling, but the real problem in this match was the team being bowled out for 203 in just two sessions on the opening day.
Whenever that happens a side is under massive pressure for the rest of the game and even if England bat well in their second innings and score say 350 or 400 they will almost certainly still lose the match
What the remaining England batsman need to do, in my opinion, is to be positive and not just try to survive. If they just hang around then I believe wickets are more likely to fall. Although conditions are of course different here in Leeds than they were at Lords last week, South Africa's batsman showed that matches can be saved from this sort of position.
Alastair Cook, who I know well of course with my Essex connection, is just the kind of batsman who can stick in and frustrate the South African attack and after not scoring a century for England since last December, he could do with reaching three figures here.
One other thought. I took part in a phone-in on Test Match Special during lunch today where one caller advocted the dropping of Michael Vaughan.
Although he failed again, I still believe he is worth his place in the side. It is true that his form has dipped since he gave up opening the batting but I still think he is the best man to be marshalling the troops for England and remember he scored an excellent century in the opening Test of this summer against New Zealand.
He does not look as composed at the crease as he used to and is not as aggressive a player, but I believe he is a better batsman when he opens the innings, plays positively and sets the tone by leading from the front. That is exactly what Graeme Smith did for South Africa at the start of their innings.