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Brazilian Popular Music or MPB

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Natanael Natanael | 11:54 UK time, Thursday, 11 November 2010

Dear Friend,

First of all, sorry for my delay, the day before yesterday was my Wedding Anniversary (14 years). It was a great day for us (Me and my family).

So, let's go ahead...

We can say that the MPB has emerged during the colonial period, from the mixture of various styles. Between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries, blended into our land, the popular songs, the sounds of African origin, military marching bands, religious music and classical music of Europe. Also contributed in this musical cauldron, with its typical indigenous chants and tribal grooves.

In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, stood out in the cities that were developing and increasing demographically, two rhythms that marked the history of MPB: lundu and popular song. Lundu, of African origin, had a strong character and sensual dance a rhythmic beat. Already a popular song, of Portuguese origin, brought the melancholy and spoke of love hit a calm and scholarly.

In the second half of the nineteenth century, comes the little cry or "Chorinho" (In portuguese) from the lundu mixture of popular song and dance hall in Europe. In 1899, singer composes music Chiquinha Gonzaga " Abre Alas", one of the most popular carnival music history.

In the early twentieth century begin to emerge the foundation of what would be samba. The hills and the slums of Rio de Janeiro, begin to mix the drumming and " capoeira" with the "pagodes" and the hits in tribute to the deities. The carnival begins to take shape with the participation of mainly brown and black ex-slaves. The year 1917 is a milestone because Ernesto dos Santos, the Donga, is the first samba ever heard: "No Phone". That same year, appears the first recording of Pixinguinha important singer-songwriter of Brazilian popular music of the early nineteenth century.

With the growth and popularization of radio in the 1920s and 1930s, the Brazilian popular music grows even more. In this epoch of the Brazilian radio, we highlight the following singers and composers: Ary Barroso, Lamartine Babo (creator of your hair does not deny), Dorival Caymmi and Noel Rosa Lupicinio '. Also arise as the great interpreter of Brazilian popular music: Carmen Miranda, Francisco Alves and Mário Reis.

In the 1940s stands out, the Brazilian music scene, Luis Gonzaga, the king of the bay. " Speaking of the setting of the dry Northeast, Luis Gonzaga is success with songs such as, for example, Asa Branca and Assum Preto.

While the ballad still be successful with Luis Gonzaga and the new successes of Jackson do Pandeiro and Alvarenga and Ranch, took shape a new musical style: the samba. With a slower pace and orchestrated, the songs were mostly of love. Also in the musical context: Dolores Duran, Antonio Maria, Marlene, Emilinha Borba, Dalva de Oliveira, and Angela Maria, Caubi Peixoto.

In the late 50 (1950), there is the Bossa Nova, a smooth and sophisticated style. It is noteworthy Elizeth Cardoso, Tom Jobim and Joao Gilberto. Bossa Nova Brazilian beauties leads to the outside, a big hit, especially in the United States.

Television began to become popular in the mid-1960s, influencing the music. At that time, TV Record Festival organized the Brazilian Popular Music. These festivals are thrown Milton Nascimento, Elis Regina, Chico Buarque de Hollanda, Caetano Veloso, Edu Lobo. During this same period, TV Record launched the music program Young Guard, where emerge the singers Roberto Carlos and Erasmo Carlos and singer Wanderléa.

In the 1970s, musicians are starting to hit the four corners of the country. Nara Leão recorded songs by Cartola and Nelson Cavaquinho. Hailing from Bahia, Gal Costa and Maria Bethania are successful in large cities. The same happens with Djavan (coming of Alagoas), Fafa de Belem (Para coming), Clara Nunes (Minas Gerais), and Fagner Belchior (both of Ceara), Alceu Valença (Pernambuco) and Elba Ramalho (Paraíba) . In the Brazilian rock scene stand out Raul Seixas, Rita Lee appears in Funk scene Tim Maia and Jorge Ben Jor.

In the 1980s and 1990s begin to be successful new musical styles, which received strong influences from abroad. They are the decades of rock, punk and new wave. The live Rock in Rio, the early 80s, served to drive the rock nacional.Com a strongly urban theme and addressing social issues, youth and love, there are several bands. It is this period the group Paralamas do Sucesso, Legião Urbana, Titãs, Kid Abelha, RPM, Plebe Rude, Beth Hart, Capital Inicial, Engenheiros do Hawaii, Ira! and Red Baron. Are also successful: Cazuza, Rita Lee, Lulu Santos, Marina Lima, Lobao, Cassia Eller, Zeca Pagodinho and Raul Seixas.

The year 1990 also marked the growth and success of country music or country. In this context, with a strong romantic character, emerge in the music scene: Chitãozinho and Xororó, Zeze di Camargo e Luciano, Leandro e Leonardo and John Paul and Daniel.

At that time, the rap scene are: Gabriel, o Pensador, O Rappa, Planet Hemp, Racionais MCs and Hall 9.
The XXI century starts with the success of rock groups with topics aimed at teenage audiences. Examples: Charlie Brown Jr, Skank, Detonautas and CPM 22.

On the last years, we have had lots of famous singers and groups of Gospel Music, its an important music movement on our country now a days. Singers like Aline Barros e very important Gospel Music Group like Diante do Trono (In front of Throne).

As you can see we have a big mix of songs in Brazil.

At the end, I'd like to thanks to Wellington Costa (My great workmate) and one of the big know ledger of Brazilian Music that I know.

Wellington is from Bahia (State of Bahia) and he has the musicality in his blood. Thanks Wellington.

See you on the next post, people. Take care.

Comments

  • Comment number 1.

    Hi Natanael,

    your post was a great lesson on the history of brazilian music scenery. I liked to read all the information you posted. And I think it's going to be great for everyone to have a taste of what brazilian music is like.
    I have just one complaint. You didn't mention my favorite brazilian singer, Mariza Monte. I like her so much, don't you?
    I don't have many opportunities to attend live singing shows, but I had the chance to attend hers. And it was great. The show was Infinito Particular and I attended it in Claro Hall in Rio de Janeiro. It's a great memory I have.
    Keep on with your great blog my friend.

    Best wishes from

    Mauricio.


  • Comment number 2.

    Hi Natanael!
    I just dropped in to say: congratulations!
    Happy your wedding anniversary to you and your dear spouse.
    Let me wish a very happy life for you and your family.
    Meanwhile,thank you for your detailed information about the Brazilian music.
    All the best

    Karoun from Iran

  • Comment number 3.

    Hi Natanael! :)

    First of all I'd like to congratulate you and your wife on the wedding anniversary. Fourteen years is quite a long period of time. I wish your family harmony and happiness and I hope there are far more wedding anniversaries ahead of both of you to celebrate.

    And now over to your post ;-) You've done a great job, man! It was very interesting to read all this information. I'm going to surf the Net to find some of the singers and bands you've mentioned. I'm especially interested in Brasilian Gospel music. I think it's remarkable that this kind of music is popular nowadays. And of course traditioanal music of your country won't fail to arrest my attention (^_*)

    I hope to hear from you soon.

    Best wishes,
    Nastya

  • Comment number 4.

    Hi Mauricio.

    Marisa Monte is great.
    I love her... she is one of the most important singer of Brazil.

    Thabks for your comments. Please keep in touch.

    Cheers - Natanael - Rio de Janeiro - Brazil

  • Comment number 5.

    Many thanks Karoun.

    Thanks for your words... Keep in touch.

    Cheers - Natanael - Rio de Janeiro - Brazil

  • Comment number 6.

    Hi Nastya,

    Thanks for your words, too.
    Yes, Gospel Music it's a very important movement here in Brazil.
    There lots of important singers and Group's.

    Unfortunatelly, i had some problem to post the photos. I'm checking it with the BBC. We have to take care about copyrights.

    I'm afraid that we have to take my our photos to post.

    Again, i'm checking it.

    In fact, i'm thinking about my next post. Brazilian Things (talk a little football, carnival, and region food and more...

    Please keep in touch. Take care.

    Natanael

  • Comment number 7.

    Hi Nataneal, Happy 14th wedding anniversary to you and your wife. I'm sure you'd a great day with your wife.
    B/w thank you for the informative blog related to Brazilian music and special thanx to mr. Wellington who helped you in writing this post:). In your last blog you asked me the meaning of my name, well, it's related to beauty. Anyother questions?
    Have a nice weekend.

  • Comment number 8.

    Oi Nataneal! I do not really have a sound knowledge of Brazilian music, but I am always eager to listen to some new tunes. A couple of years ago a Brazilian group called "Tribalistas" was very popular over here in Italy. Their hit song was "Já se enamorar". Have you ever heard of this group? About cinema, the only Brazilian films that I have seen so far are "Central Do Brasil" and "Tropa de Elite". Happy wedding anniversary and have a great weekend ahead.

  • Comment number 9.

    Hi Natanael! Hi everyone!
    Natanael! This working week is very busy and very long for me; I will have to work even tomorrow (Saturday). I’m short of time now and can’t write a proper comment but I couldn’t help congratulating you and your soul mate on your wedding anniversary! Love and happiness for you! Good job!

    @Nataa! Thanks for answering me.

    @Emat! I’ll try to talk to you later.

    @Alice! I like everything about Audrey Hepburn, her pronunciation included, she is one of my favourite actresses, and she’s great! You are right about ‘The riches also cry’, I do remember it very well. It was one of the first soap operas in Russia quite a while. Have you been to Russia since then? Have you improved your Russian since then?

    @Everyone! Have a nice weekend!

    Ta-ta for now,
    Svetlana, Russia

  • Comment number 10.

    Hello everybody!

    I´m new here and I have to confess that I love this site.

    It´s a great resource for English students!!!

    I´m glad to be here!

    Nice weekend!

    =)

  • Comment number 11.

    Hi Mahjabeen!
    nice to meet you. I cameacross your response in reply to the Natanael's question about your name. First let me say: Your name is a pretty and meaningful name!
    As you said,it is related to " beauty " in general. now I want to explain a bit more about it in short and I hope you will allow me. As you might know, mahjabeen is a compound Iranian old name which used as a first female name, and it has entered into your language since "Farsi" was spoken in India in the long past. This compound word is divided to two words include "Mah"(the Moon) and "jabeen"(forehead). Both word are translated in Farsi. It is called because some one (female) looks like shiny and beautiful as" the Moon of the 14th night "!!! So, your beautiful name has an Iranian root and origin,and I'm happy for that!
    It would be nice to hear if you nave something in this aspect.

    Best wishes

    Karoun - Iran

  • Comment number 12.

    Natanael
    Why don't we kindly ask BBCLE to play a brazilian song for all of us ?!?!?!

  • Comment number 13.

    hey Natanael! Thanks for your largerly detailed entry about brazilian music. I was lucky to see the pictures before you removed them (*_^)!
    Is your workmate a singer? Or is he simply keen on music? and what about you?
    Have a nice weekend.

  • Comment number 14.

    Hi Natanael,

    Your blog is surprising. You have done great work to pick up all material and to coose the most important.
    Unfortunatly, I do not know all these names what you wrote about. But after your artical I have downloaded some songs of Marina Lima. So I am attached to the Brazilian music.
    Natanael, thank you very much for your work and so interesting historical overview of the Brazilian music.
    Please could call your the most favorite singer of Bossa Nova style. I would like to find some of them but don't know where to start.

    see you soon,
    Marina from Moscow.

  • Comment number 15.

    Dear Natanael,
    I would like to congratulate you and your family with your great date!

    Marina from Moscow.

  • Comment number 16.

    Hi Natanael

    I was for a while out of the blog, lately I got curious who could be this month in our blog...well, It´s been a nice surprise to find you Natanael here as the blogger!
    Regarding music, I love Brazilian music! my favourite singer are definitely Gilberto Gil, Caetano, just to mention few of them
    Forro is another type of music I love from the Brazilian music, the percussion, the rhythm are just inviting to dance and if you understand a bit of Brazilian it can bring you to laugh...
    It is a lot what from Brazilian music is coming from, impossible to miss it!
    cheers
    xx

  • Comment number 17.

    Hi Natanael
    I'd like to thank's for a history Brazilian music, thank's you I've pleasure heard Aline Barros who has a great song. I love her music:))

    Jarko from Poland

  • Comment number 18.

    Hi Natanael,

    thanks for such interesting information about brasilian music history.
    I usually listen to an italian radio broadcast, brasil, that made me know the most important brasilian composers and singers: Tom Jobim, Joao Jilberto, Caetano Veloso etc. I love their music. Recently I heard shimbalaie by Maria Gadu and some Adriana Calcanhotto's songs. I find them wonderful.
    I am looking forward to read more about you and your country!
    Ciao

  • Comment number 19.

    Hi dear Natanael! Congratulations! It seems you are very happy man having such a great family ;)

    It's just fantastic you've done all this job for us! Thank's a lot :) couple of days ago I've seen a movie "Next stop wonderland", it's old enough (1998) but the soundtrack is great. Bossa Nova doesn't stop during the whole movie. Watch this movie, guys, you will love it :)

    Natanael, what about pictures Dommi mentioned in her comment? It's a pity we couldn't have seen them :(

    Marina the Pocahontas, Kazakhstan - Almaty

  • Comment number 20.

    Dear Natanael,
    I liked very much how you explained different aspects of Brazilian music in your post. It is very refreshing, informative and motivates to deep a little more in the different genres.
    Thank you very much.
    Greetings.
    C

  • Comment number 21.

    Natanael

    Congratulations on your wedding anniversary! It's very romantic that you celebrate after all these years.

    What a great introduction to Brazilian music! There is such a rich tradition in your country for music and dance. I have some questions:

    Does musical taste go across age groups? For example, do old people and young like the same kind of music?

    On the radio do you hear mainly Brazilian music? Does it depend which station you listen to?

    I'm not even going to correct any mistakes because your post is almost perfect! I didn't notice anything worth 'picking on' - choosing to explain or correct.

  • Comment number 22.


    Congratulations on your wedding anniversary!
    The best moment for hearing romantic brazilian music is the wedding anniversary.
    I love the Bossa Nova, it is a very romantic music.

    Regards from Mexico
    Tom

  • Comment number 23.

    I'd liked your post Natanael. I'm still learning english and your words are many useful for me. I'm from Candeias / Bahia and I hope that you continue improving your skills and sharing it with all.

    Regards from Candeias / Bahia
    Alexandre Rocha

  • Comment number 24.

    Hi Natanael,
    I see I have to learn a lot about Brazilian music (or Latin-American music at all). Your post is a very good start :-)
    Have a nice day,
    Tereza (Czech republic)

  • Comment number 25.

    Dear All,

    Sorry for my absence. It was a holiday last 15th. The day of Republic.

    Yes, i know the Tribalistas. They were a very important group here.

    About cinema, yes i saw the last film of Tropa de Elite, it was amazing. A very good fil due to the fact that show us the real things that happen in our country.

    Thanks for your words and keep in touch.

    Cheers - Natanael - Rio de Janeiro - Brazil

  • Comment number 26.

    Hi Sventla,

    I know what it means !!(^_^).

    I finished my thesis about my Post Graduate (Oil and Gas Post Graduate), last weekend, and my wife and daughter are tired too.

    I had some problem with the photos, due to the website rules about copyright. I'm trying to take some photos without this kind of problem so that we can clip on my posting. So, it cause me more time to find it.

    Anyway, I thinking about my new post, i'm thinking about footbal, carnival and Rio de Janeiro City (My house). My job is a possibility, too.

    Thanks for your words, and please keep in touch.

    Cheers - Natanael - Rio de Janeiro - Brazil

  • Comment number 27.

    Great Karoun.

    Your explanation about the name was very, very interesting. Thanks.

    Take care. Cheers - Natanael - Rio de Janeiro - Brazil

  • Comment number 28.

    Dear Marcello,

    How are you, man !!
    I'm glad to have you around here.
    Well, I've had some dificult to take photos, can you imagine about music. I think that is more complicated, but it's not impossible. I'll ask them about it. (^_^).

    Cheers - Natanael - Brazil

  • Comment number 29.

    Hi, Dommi.

    You're very funny. Welligton is reading your together with right know. Don't be shame (^_^).

    Well, He's a strong, a hard knowledger of music, overall, Brazilian Music.

    If you have any interest to know more Welligton, please let me know (^_^).

    Well, pleat forgive about photos, but correctly Stephen from BBCe drew my attention about the copyright matter (and rules). So, they took out the photos, correctly.

    Take care and keep in touch. Natanael

  • Comment number 30.

    Hi Mbagema,

    I like a singer called Nara Leão, for me she was the best.

    Try to find her, on the net. I thnk you'll like, too.

    Many Thanks for your words about my wedding Aniversary.

    Cheers - Natanael - Rio de Janeiro - Brazil

  • Comment number 31.

    Hi Sero,

    Forro is great. I'm a dancer of Forro.(^_^).

    Please keep in touch.
    Cheers - Natanael - Rio de Janeiro - Brazil

  • Comment number 32.

    Hi Jarko,

    Aline Barros, as i said, Is one of the most important gospel singer that we have, but there are lots of good singers and groups.

    Please keep in touch.

    Cheers - natanael - Brazil

  • Comment number 33.

    Hi Francesco,

    Gandu is a very new singer on national scenarium of music. Adriana Calcanho i knew a live when i was working at Sony Music. She's very beautiful woman, and an excelent singer.

    Cheers - natanael

  • Comment number 34.

    Hi Marina (Pocahontas),

    I'm very, very happy to heard about yu.
    I like you very much...(^_^)
    Yes, i had some dificult to clip some photos due to copyright. Stephen, from BBCe - opened my eyes about this matter, and they took out "my" photos. Well, i'm looking for a way to take out this problem.

    Anyway, i'm thinking about my next post, and i'd like to thank you about your words. Yes, my family is al for me. Over than my family, just God.

    Thanks for your words, once again.

    Cheers - Natanael - Rio de Janeiro - Brazil

  • Comment number 35.

    Hi Carossi,

    Thanks for your words. It's a motivation for me.

    Please keep in touch.

    Cheers - Natanael - Rio de Janeiro - brazil

  • Comment number 36.

    Hi, Alice_MC.

    You're my Sunshine English Teacher ! (^_^). (Almost like Jimmy Cliff's music "You are my sunshine" - A Jamaican singer).
    I'm your fan !

    First of all, thanks for your words about my wedding anniversary. Yes, i'm a romantic man, always. I'm a man that even send flowers to my wife (Evelyn). I really love her.

    Answering you...

    First = I'm afraid not. The age, in my opinion, is a division of time (on music too), of course there are people on diferent ages that likes of the same music, but each age has your own music time, i think.

    Second = It's depend of station that you are! I listen MPB (Brazilian Popular Music) and i like Gospel Music very much, but in fact, I prefer to make a download from the net to my MP3 and listen in my car.

    Dear Teacher, Once again, thanks you for your words about my english. I know that i have to improve, (to brush my english) every single day, but in fact, i need to listen. I don't have a big dificult to speak, or read, or write, but to understand, to listen... it's terrible for me.

    Thanks for all.

    Cheers - Natanael - Rio de Janeiro - Brazil


  • Comment number 37.

    Thanks Tom,

    You're completely right.

    Cheers - Natanael - Rio de Janeiro - Brazil

  • Comment number 38.

    Dear Alexandre,

    Don't give up... keep on going... you get there.

    Let's together. I'm on the same step..

    Cheers - Natanael - Rio de Janeiro - Brazil

  • Comment number 39.

    Hi Tereza,

    Thanks for your words.
    Do you know that there is a music called "Tereza" - Jorge Ben Jor (Singer). "Sou Flamengo e tenho uma nega chamada Tereza...", it's a part of very popular song in Rio de Janeiro, and on Brazil.

    "I'm Flamengo (The most popular Football Club in Brazil) and i have a girlfriend called Tereza..." in English.

    We have a very charming mountain city on Rio de Janeiro called Teresopolis (the meaning is Earth of Tereza).

    Cheers - Natanael - Rio de Janeiro - Brazil

  • Comment number 40.

    Ola Natanael!

    Fisrt of, thank you for writing about your name. Just like your name, the meaning of your name is very beautiful. It is amazing to read about you and your wife. I am also the first child of the family so can understand really well how you have to play your part.

    Since you asked about me, here's a little introduction of me: My name is Naheed and I come from Pakistan. We are four sisters and I live with my family. Talking of my name, it's Persian in origin which means planet venus. For me BBC LE has a very special place in my life as I have learnt a lot from here and am still learning. I also got a chance to write my blog as a student blogger in June 2007 and since then the bond with BBC LE has grown stronger and I also made really fantastic friends from here.

    Thank you so much for telling about Brazilian music. My first introduction to Brazilian was from my friend Ana Paula and since then I have always adored the music of your country.

    All the best,

    Naheed

  • Comment number 41.

    Hello Natanael and bloggers around the world! My name is Glaucio and I’m 35 years old. I’m also from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Nowadays I live in Cuiabá, the capital of the State of Mato Grosso, in the Midwest Region, near than Pantanal (lowlands).
    I want to congratulate Natanael for the high level his posts, particularly this one. He has made a great research to detail the various phases of Brazilian Popular Music (MPB). In order to enrich this blog I want to write that the greatest hit of Bossa Nova was Garota de Ipanema (Girl from Ipanema) composed by Tom Jobim and Vinícius de Moraes. You can delight Tom Jobim and Frank Sinatra singing Garota de Ipanema with subtitles in Portuguese and in English at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B2UYVvkpYRo
    Natanael, take sure you’re representing our country in a admirable way.
    Glaucio

  • Comment number 42.

    Hi Natanael!

    How are you? Congratulations for your wedding anniversary and your post, which is very interesting! I'm brazilian too, and I'm very proud for our music, which is so diverse and rich. But I just think that you should include in your text the music from northeast, like Axé. Artists like Ivete Sangalo, Daniela Mercury, Carlinhos Brown are very important for our culture, because they represent the biggest popular Carnival of the world, which is in Salvador. But, your post is very rich in information anyway, you write like a joournalist!

    My best wishes,
    Lorena

    P.S. The Salvador Carnival will happen next week. All of you are invited! ^^

 

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