Describing the world around you
Thanks to everyone who got in touch after my last couple of blogs, in particular thanks to Jow who shared a very interesting legend about two sparring giants. There are so many tales of giants throughout the world, it seems that almost every country has its own myths of colossal human beings. It's not too late to tell us about the local legends where you are.
Karolina's third blog gives us a historical tour of her hometown Krzeszowice and includes many interesting photographs, which helps us to create a mental picture of the town. It's quite a short blog, as you've mentioned, but I'll just pick up on a few things to give you some pointers for your next one.
Adjectives to describe buildings
First of all, you use the word "devastated" a couple of times to describe some of the older buildings in your city:
Now it's very devastated but it was a beautiful building in the past.
It's not crowded or devastated.
The word "devastated" has a couple of different meanings in English. Although it can be used to describe the state of buildings, it usually means that a place has been completely wrecked or is no longer standing. Here are some examples:
This city was devastated by a massive earthquake.
The town has been devastated by so many bombings.
In addition, the word "devastated" can be used to describe the feeling of being overwhelmed with sadness. For example, if someone dies suddenly, their family may be devastated by their loss.
However, Karolina is describing buildings which are still there in the city, so let's take a look at some adjectives you could use to describe disused buildings.
This pub is dilapidated. It's old and in very bad condition. You could also use this word to describe an area in general.
In this picture we can see a derelict factory. It's not an old building, but it is empty and also in very bad condition. You could also say it's run-down.
This picture shows a castle in England. We can say this castle is ruined, which means many of its parts have been severely damaged over time. We tend to use this adjective when referring to much older buildings. Karolina uses this adjective in her blog to describe a castle in her home town.
Adjectives give your writing a lot of colour and flavour, but make sure the translation is correct before you use them.
Subject / verb agreement
Make sure that your subject and verb agree. Your blog is generally very good, but there's a mistake in the last sentence.
There is a lot of interesting places in my city which I would like to show you.
"Places" is plural, so we need to say "there are", rather than "there is".
Karolina's use of articles in this blog is much better - so well done. There are still a couple of slip-ups, for example:
it will be ___ party with a folk band
but generally your writing has improved.
It's been great learning about your hometown and really getting to know where you're from. Next time, why not tell us a little more about yourself and your studies?
Here are the answers from last week. Well done if you got it right!
"But there is also an historical explanation."
"One of the destroyed buildings was the Royal Castle..."
"So the castle was devastated by Swedish, German and Russian armies."
When you use the indefinite article ("a") in front of a word which begins with a vowel sound, you need to use "an" instead.
This week's homework
We've already seen that the word "devastated" can have two meanings. The word "ruined" also has two meanings. Firstly it can be used to describe a building which is falling down, but also it can be used to describe something which has been spoiled.
Complete the sentences below and choose either "devastated" or "ruined".
1. Flooding has _____________ this small fishing village.
2. It's pouring with rain outside. My barbeque will be ________!
3. My boyfriend wants to split up with me: I'm ___________.
4. Around the corner is a ______________ Roman fort.
5. If the share price keeps falling, the company will be financially _________ and the boss will be ___________.
Good luck - and I'll give you the answers in my next blog!
sparring - fighting
colossal - huge
overwhelmed - overcome by a feeling
disused - no longer in use
dilapidated - falling apart and in a poor state
condition - state
derelict - empty and in a poor state
run-down - not taken care of, in a poor condition
slip-ups - mistakes