Novosibirsk is Russia's third-largest city, after Moscow and Saint Petersburg, and the largest city of Siberia with a population of around 1.5 million inhabitants.
The city was founded in 1893 as the future plane of a Trans-Siberian Railway bridge crossing Siberian river Ob and was named Novonikolayevsk.
Novonikolayevsk began reconstruction in 1921 because of the Lenin's New Economic Policy. And got its new name, Novosibirsk, in 1926.
The fast growth of the city prompted the construction of a hydroelectric power station with a capacity of 400.000 kilowatts, causing the creation of a giant water reservoir, known as the Ob Sea. The reservoir is 160 km long and up to 20 km wide. It is a very popular place in summer time to go swim and have a sunbath on a sandy beach.
On September 2, 1962, Novosibirsk reached a population of one million. At that time, it was the youngest city in the world with over a million people. It took around 17 years to reach this number.
In 1979 we started to build underground. The first line was opened in 1985. Last year we got a new line by the way:)
There is one interesting fact which I got to know recently...before 1920 left side of the city as regards to Ob river and right side of the city were in different time zone. So on the right side morning began for one hour earlier:)
Novosibirsk is a home for 11 universities, 8 academies, 13 institution and 14 branches of other Russian cities institutes.