My Second Passion - Rio de Janeiro
I’ve talked about the Brazilian Passion and about passion at all.
Of course, God, my family, my parents are over all.
But, on this context, my country and specifically my state and city are my main passion.
So, I’d like to talk a little more about this kind of Love and although we have lots of problem, we can love its so much.
…Knowing a little about the Rio de Janeiro’s history.
Estacio de Sa was the founder of Rio de Janeiro on March 1, 1565. The foundation's goal was to initiate the expulsion of the French who were already in the area for 10 years. He died on February 20, 1567, one month after expelling the French, as a result of an infection on his face caused by a poisoned arrow that wounded during the fighting.
Mem de Sá, the third governor general of Brazil's uncle and founder of the city moved after the death of Estacio de Sa, the city area of Urca Hill to the Castle with the aim of better protecting the city from attack. Passed, then the government of Rio de Janeiro to another nephew, Salvador Correia de Sá.
With the first government of Salvador Correia de Sá in 1568, begins what could be called a dynasty of Rio de Sá Correia. With large and very prestigious in Rio de Janeiro, for nearly a century three generations of Correia de Sá, Rio de Janeiro would rule repeatedly. The Governor's Island has this name because it was a sugar plantation in Salvador.
The coastline has attracted Portuguese settlers and French privateers because of the profitable trade of Brazil wood.
Fighting the French installed in Guanabara Bay, Estacio de Sa, nephew of the Governor General Mem de Sá founded the city of Sao Sebastiao do Rio de Janeiro on March 1, 1565.
Occupying a strategic position on the southern coast of the colony in Guanabara Bay, the population grows and as trade port area. In the eighteenth century with the development of mining, the Port of Rio de Janeiro becomes the main center for exporting and importing the towns of Minas Gerais, where gold and diamonds come out and enter slaves and manufactured goods, among other products. In 1763 the city becomes the seat of the General Government, replacing Salvador.
In 1808, with the arrival of the royal family, the river becomes the seat of the Portuguese government. After independence, the city remains as its capital, while the province rich with agriculture in the region of sugar cane fields, and especially with the new coffee plantations in the Paraíba Valley. To separate the province and the capital of the Empire, the city becomes, in 1834, in a neutral city and the province of Rio de Janeiro as the capital is replaced Niterói.
As the country's political center, Rio life focuses the political party of the Empire and the abolitionist movement and Republican. During the Old Republic, with the decay of its coffee areas, the state loses the political strength to Sao Paulo and Minas Gerais.
The process of economic and political weakening of the river continues after the Revolution of 1930. Rio de Janeiro's economy does not benefit from industrialization, even though the state is chosen to host the National Steel Company in Volta Redonda, a starting point for the implementation of basic industry in the country.
The city of Rio de Janeiro remains a major shopping, industrial and financial, but with a change in the federal capital to Brasilia in 1960, the decline of the new state of Guanabara is inevitable. In 1974 the states of Rio de Janeiro and Guanabara merge by determination of the military regime, forming the current state of Rio de Janeiro. Aiming to regain its political and economic importance the military governments make big investments in the state, as the construction of Angra I and Angra II, the city of Angra dos Reis, and deployment of pole oil in the Campos basin, the most productive the country.
Neto Coelho, the "Prince of Brazilian prose writers, writer, journalist, professor and founding member of the Brazilian Academy of Letters, created this synonymous to Rio de Janeiro in 1908 in the pages of the newspaper " A Noticia ".
In 1934, the Bahian composer Andrew Son launches, one for the carnival music of Brazil's most famous of all time, turned into a hymn of Rio de Janeiro: Wonderful Town (full of a thousand delights, wonderful city, my heart Brazil).
Rio de Janeiro is a city to be heard, admired, covered, and uncovered. This is the only way to understand why Rio is incomparable
Between sea and mountain,
my heart boy
thrill rides a suburban
a whiff of backyards.
Between the mountain and the sea,
my heart boy
takes the girls smile
and generous memory
Between the blue waters
and the forest green,
My old heart
hits soft, tender
and still enchanted
love for my city.
Child, young, old,
I renew my River,
a permanent miracle
lights, sounds and colors.
Glad to say:
I was born on Rio de Janeiro