Has Uefa done enough to fight racism?
The debate about racism in football hangs heavy over the final preparations for Euro 2012.
For England manager Roy Hodgson the next few days are likely to prove extremely uncomfortable as he faces difficult questions over his decision to pick John Terry and leave Rio Ferdinand at home.
He says Ferdinand's omission was for purely "footballing reasons". But his refusal to change his mind even after Gary Cahill fractured his jaw has led to claims that his motivation was more political.
As we all know Terry is accused of racially abusing Ferdinand's brother Anton during a Premier League match between Chelsea and Queens Park Rangers last October. He will stand trial directly after the tournament and it is hard to believe this hasn't played some part in Hodgson's thinking.
Whatever the truth it is a controversy certain to dominate the headlines as England and Hodgson settle into their team base in the pretty medieval market square here in Krakow.
Three hours train ride away in Warsaw a wider discussion about racism - prompted by the BBC's Panorama investigation into co-hosts Ukraine and Poland - is taking place.
The programme, which showed sickening scenes of two Asian students being beaten by neo-Nazi thugs in the Ukrainian city of Kharkiv (one of the country's host cities), highlighted long held concerns about the challenges of taking the tournament to Eastern Europe for the first time.
Last night Polish television replayed the programme and followed up with a discussion about the issues raised.
It's fair to say the reaction in Poland has been defensive to the point where some TV programmes took to showing footage from last summer's riots in the UK.
Pointing to another country's problems doesn't remove your own and what has perhaps shocked me the most has been the apparent absence of shock from those here who have now seen the Panorama footage. This is not because they in any way agree with the thugs making monkey noises or wearing anti semitic T-shirts. They don't. It's just they are so used to it they don't think it's a story.
Of course it would be extremely unfair to think these problems exist only in places like Kharkiv or Krakow. Across Europe and even in English grounds you hear and witness behaviour which is unacceptable.
The difference with England is that the game has done a lot to shift attitudes in the last 10 years.
Racist fans are the latest in a long line of problems to dog preparations for Euro 2012.
The venues were late, the transport network is a problem both in and between the two hosts and politicians of western governments, including our own, are threatening to boycott Ukraine over the government's treatment of opposition leader Yulia
Despite all these problems Uefa has continued to stand by Ukraine and Poland, arguing it was right to award its prized event to two eastern European countries.
Today in an interview with the BBC, Uefa president Michel Platini told me they have done their best to prepare for the tournament despite facing so many major challenges.
But he added he was "shocked" and saddened by the Panorama report - although, remarkably, he admitted he hadn't actually watched it.
"I feel bad of course," he said. "Because I am not a racist. I played with many people of many colours, from many regions.
"We are shocked about racists but we are trying to do something, we have to fight against that."
The question is how hard are Platini and Uefa really fighting? The Frenchman says referees here have been given the power to take players off the pitch if they see or hear any evidence of racist abuse during Euro 2012.
But Uefa have repeatedly failed to send out a strong message on racism when it comes to sanctioning clubs and countries whose fans step out of line.
Take the example of Manchester City - fined 40,000 euros for taking the field late - while Porto were fined 10,000 euros fewer after their fans racially abused City striker Mario Balotelli.
Platini disagreed with me that there was a contradiction here, arguing that City had previous form in this area. He also made it clear he, as head of Uefa, couldn't be seen to be intervening in the decisions of an independent disciplinary panel.
Maybe. But this example shows how out of touch Uefa's sanctions are with the severity of the problem. The punishments need to be much much harder to ram the message home.
Over the next month Ukraine and Poland will be in the spotlight in a way they have never encountered before. Should it go wrong then the reputation of Uefa and its ambitious French president will also be on the line.