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Physical aspects of fitness

This revision bite will help you understand why the kind of fitness [Fitness: The ability to meet the demands of a physical task. and the level of fitness you require depends on your lifestyle, the sports you do and the level at which you take part in them.

Different aspects of fitness

Your lifestyle and participation in sport will depend on the type and amount of fitness [Fitness: The ability to meet the demands of a physical task. you possess. There are different aspects of physical fitness and each contributes to your overall fitness.

Aspect of fitnessDefinitionTestType of training
CRE/ Aerobic enduranceThe ability of the heart and lungs, to work for a long period of time without tiring.Bleep test/ Leger run.Harvard step test.Cooper/12 minute run.Fartlek [Fartlek training: 'Speed play' training in which pace and training conditions are varied./varied pace running. Interval training [Interval training: Alternating periods of hard exercise and rest.. Continuous training [Continuous training: Working for a sustained period of time without rest.. Circuit training [Circuit training: Performing a series of exercises in a special order called a circuit. Each activity takes place at a station..
Muscular endurance [Muscular endurance: The ability to use voluntary muscles many times without becoming tired..Muscular Endurance is the ability of a muscle or group of muscle, to work continuously/for a long time without tiring.Number of sit-ups I could do in 30 secs. Bent arm hang test.Weight training [Weight training: Using free weights or weight machines to provide resistance to the muscles. Circuit training
StrengthThe maximum force a muscle/group of muscles can apply against a resistance.Grip dynamometer test. Maximum weight I could life in one repetition/1 Rep Max.Weight training Circuit training
SpeedMoving the whole body part of the body very quickly/in a short time.50 metre timed sprint. 50 metre shuttle run testSprints/sprinting. Weight training. Plyometrics. Stretching. Shuttle runs.
PowerCombination of strength and speed.Vertical jump. Standing broad. Sarjeant jump. Measured throw.Weight training. Plyometrics.
FlexibilityThe range of movement at/across/around a joint.Sit and reach test.Stretching. Static/ballistic stretching. PNF.

Watch

A gymnast midway through performing a backflip.

Class Clips

Video clip about how different types of fitness are required for different sports.

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