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Home > History > Russia 1914 to 1941 > War communism


War communism


The content of this Bite is required at Foundation, General and Credit levels. This revision page is about Bolshevik economic policy. It will help you to revise what War Communism was, the reasons why War Communism was introduced, and why it failed.This topic is worth revising as it will help you to explain why Lenin and the Bolsheviks introduced the New Economic Policy.

What was War Communism?

  • The Bolsheviks took control of factories, mines, workshops and railways.
  • Workers were forced to work in factories.
  • Grain was taken from the peasants using force.
  • The Bolsheviks took control of the banks.
  • Private trade was not allowed.
  • Food was rationed.


Video clip - British attitudes to the Soviet Union

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A hand lighting a candle.

Class Clips

Video clip about the extensive amount of control the Soviet Union had over its citizens

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