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Home > Geography > Rivers > Processes forming river landscapes


Processes forming river landscapes

Ox - bow Lake

Formation of an ox bow lake from river erosion and deposition


  • The river is meandering across the valley
  • The river is eroding laterally (from side to side)
  • The river erodes the outside of the bends and deposits on the inside so its course is changing
  • This erosion narrows the neck of the meander
  • Often during a flood the river will cut through the neck
  • The river continues in the new bed and the meander is abandoned
  • New deposition seals off the ends and the cut-off becomes an ox-bow lake



Class Clips

Video clip about waterfalls, including how attrition and corrasion deepen plunge pools


A stage in the process of an oxbow lake forming.

Class Clips

Video clip about how oxbow lakes form from meanders



Class Clips

The artificial levées of the Mississippi River



Learning Zone Scotland

Waterfalls of the River Nile

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