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Home > Geography > International issues > Factors influencing development


Factors influencing development


LEDCs face many difficulties and obstacles as they struggle to improve the conditions of their citizens. Many solutions have been proposed, with varying degrees of success, but poverty is still a daily reality for millions of people.

The gap between rich and poor


Calcutta street scene


Factors that affect the economic gap between MEDCs and LEDCs.

  1. Political factors such as the regime, colonial influences that will influence trading links, and relationships with other countries. The current political regime in Zimbabwe under Robert Mugabe is a major factor contributing to the low level of development.
  2. The natural environment such as susceptibility to floods, drought and other hazards can influence development, eg frequent drought in the Sahel region of Africa is one of the obstacles to development in these countries.
  3. Economic activity such as wealth generated through industry, agriculture or availability of natural resources influences development. The UK is one of the most developed nations due to these factors, which allowed it to industrialise during the Industrial Revolution.
  4. Debt – many LEDCs are in debt to MEDCs, which means they have to prioritise paying these off with interest before investing in development.


Bangladesh monsoon

Class Clips

Water problems in Bangladesh


A farmer in China

Class Clips

Food and farming in China


Two people standing in the sun

Class Clips

Video clip about the need for aid in parts of Africa suffering war and famine



Class Clips

Video clip about a self-help scheme in Tanzania teaching farming skills

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