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Home > Geography > Farming > Arable farming (Agribusiness)

Geography

Arable farming (Agribusiness)

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The Arable Farming System

As with other types of farming arable farming is influenced by human and physical factors. The diagram below demonstrates some of these factors.

Diagram showing the human and physical inputs of the arable farming process of an East Anglian farm.

Arable crops such as oat and wheat require good soils and a warm climate to be grown successfully. To be grown and harvested successfully they require flat land that allows machinery such as combine harvesters to be used. As such this type of farming is concentrated in the east and south of the UK where the climate, soil and relief of the land allow it to be profitable.

Seven Year Crop Rotation

Arable farmers often utilise crop rotation methods to maximse their crop growth. Crop rotation involves changing what crops are grown in fields each year for a period of time - commonly seven years.

Fields containing various crops

The reason for this is to prevent crops stripping the nutrients from the soil. As different crops require different nutrients rotating the crops grown every year means that the fields are productive for longer and the soil remains healthier.

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