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Home > Gaelic > Grammar > The Definite Article


The Definite Article


The definite article in the nominative case - plural - na or na h-

In English, the definite article the is the same whether it used for a singular or a plural noun. In Gaelic, however, when the noun is plural the definite article changes to na or na h-.

  • na is used when the noun begins with a consonant, eg na faoileagan (the seagulls) or na daoine (the people).

  • na h- is used when the noun begins with a vowel, eg na h-òrain (the songs) or na h-eich (the horses).

The definite article

Indefinite formDefinite formMeaning
boireannaich na boireannaich the women
caileagan  the girls
glainneachan  the glasses
pòcaidean  the pockets
seacaidean  the jackets
uisgean  the waters
adhbharan  the reasons
uiseagan  the larks
aibhnichean  the rivers
oilthighean  the universities
ospadalan  the hospitals
eisimpleirean  the examples

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