From your earliest learning of French, you will have known that 'je suis allé' means 'I went'. This doesn't seem to fit the pattern you learn for making the perfect tense.
This is because a small number of French verbs make their perfect tense using être and not avoir together with the past participle.
Just to make life harder, the past participle gets treated like an adjective, and has to 'agree' with the subject: a boy would write 'je suis allé', and a girl would write 'je suis allée'. This will give you the pattern below:
|je suis allé||je suis allée|
|tu es allé||tu es allée|
|il est allé||elle est allée|
|nous sommes allés||nous some allées|
|vous êtes allés||vous êtes allées|
|ils sont allés||elles sont allées|
NB: with vous, the past participle could have four different endings, depending on who 'vous' is referring to!
What are these verbs and how do you remember them?
Some people like to remember them by their first letters, using a trick word like 'dr and mrs vandertramp'. which contains the first letter of each verb: others like to remember that they are pairs of words, all referring to coming and going. Below is the list of verbs: learn them as soon as you can!
|descendre||to go down|
|entrer||to go in|
|monter||to climb, go up|
|rentrer||to come home, to come back|
|retourner||to come back|
|sortir||to go out|
|naître||to be born|
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