Blank verse and rhyme, dramatic irony and imagery
In Dramatic Irony, we know more than the characters know. e.g. In Act 1, Scene 3, the witches greet Macbeth as Thane of Glamis and Thane of Cawdor. Macbeth says:
'By Sinel's death I know I am Thane of Glamis;
But how of Cawdor? The Thane of Cawdor lives.'
(Act 1, scene 3, line 71-72)
The audience already knows that Macbeth has been made Thane of Cawdor by King Duncan because the treacherous Thane of Cawdor has been put to death and Duncan has given the title to Macbeth.
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