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Home > English > Close reading texts and techniques > Newspapers and information leaflets

English

Newspapers and information leaflets

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Information leaflet extracts

Let's look in more detail at an extract from an information leaflet.

FACT FILE - Great Cities

1. NEW YORK

Often called the Big Apple, New York is the largest city and chief port of the USA. For centuries New York Harbour was the gateway to America.

2. THE LAND OF THE FREE

In the earliest times, New York was home to Native American peoples. Then it was explored by Europeans, and in 1626 a Dutchman bought the land for some cloth and beads. He called the land New Amsterdam. In 1664 the British sent warships to take the territory. They renamed it New York after the English Duke of York.

After the War of Independence fought between the Americans and the British, New York became the Capital of the United States for five years and George Washington took office there as the country's first president on 30 the April 1789.

3. MISS LIBERTY

To many, 'The Statue of Liberty' is the symbol of America. The giant figure shows " Liberty Enlightening the World". It was a gift to the American people from the French.Built in Paris between 1874 and 1884, it was shipped to America in several pieces. It took two years to prepare a base, and the statue was finally placed in New York Harbour in 1886. Held together by an iron framework, the figure is covered in sheet copper, weighs 225 tons and stands 46 metres tall.

Here's a closer look at some of the key features you should be able to spot:

  • you should notice that the information given in this leaflet about New York is divided into clear sections.
  • each of the sections is given a number and a sub-heading. This makes the information easy to read.
  • did you notice that the style of the extract is straightforward and the sentences are short and easy to understand?
  • look back at the extract. Even although you are only given 3 sections, look at how much information is given and how most of it is factual - e.g. " New York is the largest city and chief port of the USA", it used to be home to "Native American peoples".
  • remember that the point of an information leaflet is to give people information about a topic, so it would be unusual to find a point of view or an indication of the author's viewpoint.
  • features of layout are noticeable, too. The extract has a clear headline, and the word fact file tells you what the purpose of the article is. The information is divided into sections and each section has a sub-heading. Although they are not featured here, remember that information leaflets will usually have text and pictures.

Can you spot any other features of this type of writing which we've not pointed out for you, or some more examples of the ones above?

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