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Types of words

There are many different types of word we use daily.

Words fall into main groups:


Nouns are naming words like 'guitar', 'computer' and 'dog'. These nouns are common nouns. Other nouns are called proper nouns. These are names of people and places like 'Reuben', 'Mrs Lomax' or 'London'. Proper nouns have a capital letter at the beginning but common nouns don't. For example:

"Mrs. Lomax from London had a dog that could play the guitar!"

A dog playing a guitar on a stage.


Verbs are doing words. They tell us what nouns do such as 'run', 'shout', 'kick' or 'scream'! We use verbs when we are describing things that have happened. For example:

"The dog ran."


Adjectives are describing words. They tell us what something looks, feels, smells or tastes like. They can also tell us how someone is feeling. Adjectives are very important and can make your writing much more interesting. For example:

"The dog ran" could be changed to "The spotty dog ran." to give us more information.

The word 'spotty' starts to describe what the dog looks like.


Adverbs are adjectives that describe verbs. To put it another way, adverbs tell us how somebody or something is doing what they are doing. For example:

"The spotty dog ran quickly."

A car chasing a dog round a garden.

The word 'quickly' is an adverb because it tells us how the dog was running. Using adverbs make sentences more interesting for the reader.


Connectives are words that join sentences together, put things in order or help the reader to understand what is being said. For example:

"The spotty dog ran quickly because a cat walked into the garden."

The word 'because' joins the two sentences together and it tells us why the spotty dog ran.

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