Home > History > Schools History Project > Modern medicine > 19th-century surgery
Who performed the first ovariotomy?
Dr Thomas McDowell (1809)
Horace Wells (1845)
Dr Thomas Ovary (1880)
Who was the first surgeon to use ether in an operation (removal of a neck tumour)?
Crawford W Long (1842)
Dr JC Warren (1846)
Robert Liston (1846)
Who discovered the local anaesthetic cocaine?
Humphrey Davy (1800)
James Simpson (1847)
Carl Koller (1884)
Who used a calcium chloride solution to reduce deaths on hospital wards?
Ignaz Semmelweiss (1847)
Joseph Lister (1865)
What discovery prompted the idea of 'antiseptic surgery'?
Joseph Jackson Lister - the multi-lens microscope (1826)
Ignaz Semmelweiss - making doctors disinfect their hands (1847)
Louis Pasteur - the germ theory (1860s)
What is 'aseptic' surgery?
making sure there are no germs present before surgery starts
boiling surgical instruments and wearing masks and rubber gloves
What did Karl Landsteiner discover in 1901?
blood groups A and O
a test for syphilis
Which of the following occurred in 1938?
Karl Landsteiner discovered blood groups
Richard Lewisohn discovered sodium citrate
the National Blood Transfusion Service was set up
Who popularised anaesthesia?
Which war made Florence Nightingale famous and led to the development of nursing?
First World War