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The Islamic world in the Middle Ages


Economy and trade

The Muslim economy was much wider and more sophisticated than the trade of western Europe:

  • Muslim traders travelled as far as South Africa, China and Russia

  • they traded in fine quality goods like silk, cotton, carpets, paper, ivory and spices

  • hoards of medieval Muslim coins with Arabic writing on them have been dug up by archaeologists in Sweden

Medieval islam artefacts

Copper jug from Khorasan, Iran, 1218

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