Soils are a mixture of tiny particles of rock, dead plants and animals, air and water.
Different plants grow better in different types of soil.
Sandy soil is pale coloured with lots of small air gaps. Water drains through sandy soil easily so it usually feels quite dry.
Clay soil is an orange or blue-ish sticky soil with very few air gaps. Water does not drain through it easily. When it rains, puddles stay on top of clay soil for a long time.
Chalky soil is a light brown soil. Water drains through it quickly.
Peat is different from other soils because it does not contain any rock particles. It is made from very old decayed plants and is dark, crumbly and rich in nutrients (chemicals plants need to grow).
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