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How plants and animals adapt

Animals and plants are adapted to their habitats. This means that they have special features that help them to survive.

An African elephant, for example, lives in a hot habitat and has very large ears that it flaps to keep cool. A polar bear, on the other hand, lives in a cold habitat and has thick fur to keep warm.

Pond habitat

Here are some plants and animals that have adapted to living in a pond habitat.

Illustration of pond habitat including a frog, water spider and water lillies
  • a. Frog - The frog has webbed feet to help it swim quickly.

  • b. Water spider - Hair-like bristles cover the abdomen, which allows the spider to breathe underwater.

  • c. Lily pad - The lily pad has a jelly-like substance on the bottom of its leaves to make it hard for insects to grab on to it.

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