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Life cycle of a flowering plant

These are the main parts of a flower.

Illustration of a flower with parts labeled

Flowering plants go through the following life cycle.

Illustrations showing the life cycle of flowering plant: seed in the ground> young plant> adult plant with flowers

How seeds are made

  1. Pollen is carried by insects or blown by the wind from one flower to another. This process is called pollination.

  2. Pollen reaches the carpel of the new flower, where it fertilises egg cells in the ovary to make seeds. This process is called fertilisation.

  3. The seeds are scattered by animals or the wind. This process is called dispersal. Some of the seeds will grow into new plants.

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