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Home > Biology > Environmental and genetics > Factors affecting the variety of species in an ecosystem

Biology

Factors affecting the variety of species in an ecosystem

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The importance of biodiversity

  • A variety of different food sources are available
  • Genetic material to produce new plant species can be isolated and engineered for human benefit
  • Medicinal plants are maintained whilst new species with beneficial effects are discovered
  • Raw materials: wood, cotton etc are maintained
  • Aesthetics such as bird watching and appreciating the natural beauty of the landscape around us. A reduction in this would decrease the quality of human life
A lake surrounded by mountains

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