History

Robert the Bruce

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The ambitions of Robert the Bruce

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Robert the Bruce

Watch our motion comic animation about the role Robert the Bruce played in the Wars of Independences.

Robert the Bruce was born on 11 July 1274 and came from a well-established noble family with loose links to the Scottish royal bloodline. His grandfather had been one of prospective claimants in the succession crisis of 1290-1292. He inherited a position of great wealth and power from his father the Lord of Annadale. However, Robert was not satisfied with the role of a noble and set his sights on using his grandfather's claim to ascend to the Scottish throne.

Robert the Bruce has often been held in a negative light by historians, especially when compared to William Wallace. He is accused of being an opportunist, rather than a patriot. However, other historians back Bruce and argue that it is unfair to judge him against Wallace. Regardless, Robert the Bruce was undoubtedly a fiercely determined man. His commitment and drive would eventually take him to the crown of Scotland and an independent Scotland. This would only be accomplished, however, after many years of violence and diplomacy.

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