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Changing patterns of employment
Over the last 25 years the make up of the UK’s working population has changed beyond all recognition.
Some of the changes are as follows:
With employment law and equal pay legislation coming into place over the last 25 years, women are being encouraged to work and not be penalised for raising children.
Employers offering flexible working practices or child care facilities at the workplace have also helped to make it easier for women with children to continue working.
A huge increase in part-time staff has occurred again mainly due to more women being in the workplace and many only work part-time due to child care commitments.
The increase in students going to college and university has also resulted in a large temporary workforce available for employers such as supermarkets, fast food restaurants and call centres to make use of.
Again linked to the number of women in the economy now, job-sharing, teleworking and homeworking are more common than ever before.
This means workers do not have to spend as much time in the workplace as the traditional 9 to 5 job, but workers can work from home or on the move due to advances in mobile office technologies with laptops and smart phones.
The process of deindustrialisation has resulted in Scotland turning away from shipbuilding and manufacturing to service sector jobs such as retail, tourism and banking. With these new openings thousands of jobs have been created in the Tertiary sector.
Scotland has a large number of public sector workers, people employed to work for the State in areas such as the councils, the police, education and the NHS.
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