rising away from the River Thames
Park in the distance
the river to the north, and see the hills above Caversham (“Caves Ham”),
deriving its name from the medieval, and possibly older, mines which were
was a town largely built of flint, which was extracted from the Chalk
bedrock, which forms the hills.
of Caversham Park - home to BBC Monitoring and BBC Radio Berkshire - has,
to its right, a large white scar in the hillside. This is a quarry in
are blanketed with river gravels much older than those on the present
flood plain. They sit on a series of terraces which rise like a set of
steps up from the present river. The older steps are the higher steps.
The terrace at 60–80 feet (approx. 20–25m) above the present river, famously
yielded hundreds of Palaeolithic hand axes, together with the bones of
mammoth, horse, deer and many other animals.
© British Regional Geology, London and the Thames Valley by M.G.
in sediments that formed between about 300,000 and 450,000 years ago,
and the implements were probably made by Neanderthal pre-cursors Homo
a large gravel pit on the opposite side of the river. Gravel extraction
in the Thames Valley provides an important resource for the construction
industry. And the lakes generated can provide a range of amenities, like
boating, sailing, and wildlife areas.
TO PROFESSOR BRUCE SELLWOOD OF READING UNIVERSITY FOR ALL OF HIS HELP
WITH THIS WALK