Reigned 1660–1685; the eldest son of Charles I; he reacted bravely to the outbreak of civil war in 1642; first saw service at Edgehill aged twelve and when advised to retreat cried 'I fear them not', flourished his pistol and had to be restrained from charging. He campaigned until sent abroad for safety in 1646. He made a daring invasion of England in 1651, which ended in disaster at the Battle of Worcester. Sheltered by Royalists for six weeks, he was finally able to escape to France. He was restored to the throne in 1660. Probably a posthumous commemoration of the King, whose portrait is shown being carried to heaven by the goddess of wisdom, Minerva, and a group of angels. In the background is a view of Windsor.
Where to see this painting?
National Portrait Gallery, London
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