Reigned 1625–1649. The younger son of James I and Anne of Denmark, Charles inherited his father's belief in the 'Divine Right of Kings' and his mother's interest in the visual arts. He had a happy domestic life and was the greatest of all British royal art patrons and collectors. His dismissal of Parliament and personal rule, however, along with his imposition of taxes and attempts to impose religious uniformity led eventually to civil war. He was defeated and tried on the charge that he 'traitorously and maliciously levied war against the present Parliament and the people therein represented', and he was executed outside the Banqueting House, Whitehall, on 30 January 1649.
Where to see this painting?
National Portrait Gallery, London
Not all paintings are on display. If you want to see a particular painting, please contact the collection