Apprenticed to a merchant in Lisbon, where he spent twelve years. He returned to London in 1741; in 1743 he joined the Russia Company and spent the next seven years in Russia and Persia. Hanway came to prominence in 1753 on the publication of the narrative of his travels. He thereafter devoted himself to philanthropy. In 1756 he founded The Marine Society, which recruited men for the Navy. He became a governor of the Foundling Hospital in 1758 and its vice president in 1772. He helped establish the Magdalen Hospital for Penitent Prostitutes, opened in 1758. He also supported the Stepney Society, which apprenticed poor boys to marine trades, and the Troop Society, which provided clothing to British soldiers.
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National Portrait Gallery, London
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