John Hughlings Jackson (1835–1911), neurologist, was apprenticed to a doctor in York, and attended the York Medical and Surgical School. From there he went to St Bartholomew's Hospital and was appointed to the staff of the Metropolitan Free Hospital and was lecturer on pathology at the London Hospital in 1859. The great opportunity of his career were appoints at the National Hospital for the Paralysed and Epileptic and at the London Hospital. It was by his work at these two hospitals, during the next 30 years, that Hughlings Jackson laid the foundations of modern neurology and became himself the greatest living neurologist.
He was one of the first to recognise the possibilities of the ophthalmoscope and, in association with Stephen Mackenzie, to recommend it as part of every physician's equipment. He was 'the greatest scientific clinician of the nineteenth century in this country'. He established both a history and geography, as it were, of the nervous system that led to a vast simplifying of the classification of nervous diseases and opened up many new vistas of research for others.
Hughlings Jackson was a Censor of the Royal College of Physicians and delivered the Goulstonian Lectures in 1869, the Croonian in 1884 and the Lumleian in 1890.
Where to see this painting?
Royal College of Physicians, London
11 St Andrew's Place
Regent's Park, London, Greater London, England, NW1 4LE
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More on this painting
bequeathed by the sitter, 1912; on loan to the Royal Society of Medicine