James Baillie (1723–1778) was the father of Dr Mathew Baillie, the renowned pathological anatomist. In 1775 James became the Professor of Divinity at the University of Glasgow. His son Matthew’s research into morbid anatomy revealed a new field of study that became recognised as an independent science. His groundbreaking study, 'Morbid Anatomy of the Human Body' (1793), explored the symptoms of disease, and he later became physician-extraordinary to George III. Matthew’s mother was the sister of the famous physician William Hunter, who established an anatomy school at Great Windmill Street, London. After Hunter’s death in 1783, Matthew was given control of the school and became a very successful teacher.
This portrait is a nineteenth-century copy of an earlier portrait, painted in 1777 by Robert Edge Pine, an English portrait and historical painter.
Where to see this painting?
Royal College of Physicians, London
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