An Irish army officer and politician, Hastings was widely commended for his bravery during the American War of Independence (1775–1783). On his return to Ireland in 1781, he was captured by the French army but was soon after released in Paris in a prisoner exchange. After returning to Britain, Hastings became the close friend of the Prince Regent and a supporter of Irish Catholic relief. In 1812, he was appointed Governor-General of India but resigned nine years later due to his implication in a financial scandal.
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National Portrait Gallery, London
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