An admiral and statesman, Sandwich fought for Parliament in the Civil War, and sat on the Council of State under Cromwell. After the fall of Richard Cromwell, he sailed to the Netherlands to bring Charles II back to England, and was created an Earl as a reward. He negotiated the marriage of Charles and Catherine of Braganza, and brought the bride over from Portugal. He appointed his relative, Samuel Pepys as his Secretary, and is often referred to in Pepys's Diary, as 'my Lord'. Sandwich was killed fighting the Dutch at the Battle of Sole Bay.
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National Portrait Gallery, London
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