Pablo Picasso is the most famous artist of the 20th Century. He was at the cutting edge
of new artistic styles including Cubism. He was incredibly prolific and created about
50,000 paintings, sculptures, ceramics and drawings.
Picasso's art can be split into several periods. His early paintings used only blue
tones, reflecting his sadness at the suicide of a close friend. This period is known as
his Blue Period.
Picasso and fellow artist Georges Braque pioneered Cubism in 1907. They were inspired
by the work of Paul Cezanne to overturn many of the conventions of Western Art. Cubist
paintings such as Woman With Guitar showed a still life or person painted from many
different angles at once. The viewer had to work hard to decipher what they were
In 1925, Picasso became close friends with Surrealists such as Andre Breton, and
started painting Surrealist pictures. His best known work Guernica was
inspired by the aerial bombing of the Basque town during the Spanish civil war and has
become a symbol of anti-war feeling.
Picasso continued to paint for the rest of his life. During the 1960s he reinterpreted
the work of his heroes including Velazquez, Manet and Delacroix. Typically for Picasso,
this was not only a tribute but also a confident declaration that he had arrived as a
Other important works include, Boy With A Pipe and Les Demoiselles