(bapt. Pisa, 9 July 1563; d London, 7 Feb. 1639). Italian painter, active mainly in Rome, where he settled in about 1576. After working in a Mannerist style he became one of the closest and most gifted of Caravaggio's followers. He was one of the few Caravaggisti who were friends of the master, and in 1603 he and Caravaggio and two other artists were sued for libel by Giovanni Baglione. Gentileschi's work does not have the power and uncompromising naturalism of Caravaggio, tending rather towards the lyrical and refined. His figures are graceful, stately, and clearly disposed, with sharp-edged drapery—qualities recalling his Tuscan heritage. In 1621 he moved to Genoa, where he stayed until 1623; while there he painted an Annunciation (Gal. Sabauda, Turin) that is often considered his masterpiece. After working for Marie de Médicis in Paris, he settled in England in 1626 and became court painter to Charles I. He was held in great esteem in England and remained until his death. His travels were a factor in spreading the Caravaggesque manner, but by the end of his career he had long abandoned heavy chiaroscuro in favour of light colours. His major works in England were a series of ceiling paintings (1635–8) commissioned by Charles I for the Queen's House at Greenwich, now in Marlborough House, London. His daughter Artemisia Gentileschi (b Rome, 8 July 1593; d Naples, ?1654) was one of the greatest of Caravaggesque painters and a formidable personality. She showed remarkable talent while still in her teens, built up a European reputation, and lived a life of independence rare for a woman of the time.