Georges Seurat was an influential French painter and the founder of the neo-Impressionist movement, which was defined by scientific interpretations of colours and lines.
Seurat began to study art at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in 1878. He started to develop his unique style after being stunned by the work of Claude Monet and other Impressionists. His technique was called Pointillism and he applied tiny dots of colour to a canvas to create a whole image. Seurat aimed to develop a scientific formula for successful painting, based on his knowledge of optics and colour theory.
Seurat distanced himself from the neo-Impressionist movement when he fell out with several other artists such as Pissarro and Paul Signac because they found Pointillism restrictive.
In 1890, he exhibited Young Woman Powdering Herself, a portrait of his mistress, Madeleine Knobloch. They had a son together the same year, but Seurat died of a mysterious illness - probably diphtheria - in 1891, aged just 31.
Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte is Seurat's most famous work, along with Circus Sideshow, La Chahut, Bathers At Asnieres and his final painting, the unfinished Circus.