(b Florence, c.1435; d Venice, June/July 1488). Florentine sculptor, painter, and metalworker, one of the outstanding Italian artists of his period. His nickname Verrocchio (‘true eye’) does not refer to his sharpness of vision, but evidently was adopted from a goldsmith for whom he worked early in his career. He is said to have studied in Donatello's workshop, but his main training was as a goldsmith, and delicacy of craftsmanship is one of the salient features of his work. Only one work in precious metal by him survives, however—a silver relief of the Beheading of John the Baptist (1477–80), done for the Baptistery in Florence and now in the Cathedral Museum. His major activity was as a sculptor, in marble, terracotta, and above all bronze, in which he created his two most famous works. These are ranked among the great masterpieces of Italian sculpture, alongside the statues of Donatello that inspired them, but they also show the great differences between the two artists: Verrocchio's David (c.1475, Bargello, Florence) is more refined, but less broodingly intense than Donatello's David in the same museum, and Verrocchio's crowning achievement, the equestrian statue of the condottiere Bartolommeo Colleoni in Venice (begun 1481, cast after the artist's death, and unveiled in 1496), has a magnificent sense of movement and swagger, but less of the heroic dignity of Donatello's Gattamelata statue in Padua. It is much harder to assess Verrocchio's stature as a painter, as very few pictures can be certainly assigned to his own hand.