(b Ferrara, ?1481; d Ferrara, 6 Sept. 1559). Italian painter, active mainly in Ferrara. His nickname is said to come from his liking for including a gillyflower (It., garofano) in a corner of his paintings. According to Vasari he twice visited Rome, and his work—derivative but beautifully crafted—was heavily influenced by Raphael. He was the first to paint in such a manner in Ferrara and was influential in spreading the High Renaissance style. His output was large and varied (frescos, altarpieces, small devotional works, also a few mythologies); there are many examples in Ferrarese churches and, for example, in the National Gallery, London. In about 1550 he went blind.
Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)
"Garofalo" The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists. Ed Ian Chilvers. Oxford University Press 2009 Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press.