The Berlin Wall | A city divided between East and West by the Cold War
CHANNEL | BBC Television Service
FIRST BROADCAST | 31 July 1961
DURATION | 50 minutes 54 seconds
In the days leading up to the construction of the Berlin Wall, this special edition of 'Panorama' has Richard Dimbleby reporting live from the city on the spot where a single nail in the cobblestones signifies the divide between Eastern communism and Western democracy. Meanwhile, Ludovic Kennedy visits a refugee camp in West Berlin and talks to those who have fled from the East, people in New York and Bristol give their opinions on the Cold War, and Foreign Secretary Lord Home talks about the stance of the British government as the crisis escalates.
The Stasi (the East German secret police or internal surveillance service) kept files on some six million people throughout their operations from 1945 to 1990. They created fear and paranoia among East Berliners as they looked for signs of anti-government behaviour, one effect being that fellow citizens would mistrust or betray each other (sometimes wrongly). The exodus of refugees from East to West Berlin reached 1,500 per day before the Berlin Wall was put up.
Is war the only solution to the rising tensions between East and West?
British Prime Minister Clement Attlee visits an embattled West Berlin.
Mass airlifts break Soviet hold on Berlin.
Interviews with refugees from the Russian zone in Berlin.
Life in Berlin before the wall.
'Berlin presents the most crucial problem which faces mankind today.'
A BBC dispatch from Berlin on the military build-up there.
Ed Murrow is interviewed on his return from West Berlin.
The BBC reports from the scene as the Berlin Wall is constructed.
Robin Day reports on the newly built Berlin Wall.
Edward Kennedy slips quietly into East Berlin.
A Christmas truce for the people of Cold War Berlin.
HM Queen Elizabeth II visits West Berlin at the height of the Cold War.
Andrew Sachs shows his wife around East and West Berlin.
Reporting live from Berlin at the dawn of a new era for the city and the world.
The formal reunification of Germany ends 45 years of divided nationhood.
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