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Apartheid in South Africa | Living under racial segregation and discrimination

About this collection

The political system of apartheid governed every aspect of life in South Africa from 1948 to 1991. In practice, apartheid enforced a racial hierarchy privileging white South Africans and under this system only they had the vote.

The programmes and documents illustrate what life was like for ordinary South Africans as well as revealing key moments in the struggle against this political system.

The language used to express views on race in these programmes reflects the attitudes inherent in apartheid.

Apartheid in South Africa Collection

Chief Albert Mvumbi Luthuli

Interview with Chief Albert Luthuli

RECORDED 1954
13 MINUTES

Chief Albert Mvumbi Luthuli gives his views on South Africa and democracy.

Image of a South African township.

Panorama

Union of South Africa

BROADCAST 1957
42 MINUTES

An early exposé of the divisions caused by apartheid in South Africa.

Harold Macmillan

Tour of South Africa

Rt Hon Macmillan

RECORDED 1960
58 MINUTES

Harold Macmillan delivers his 'wind of change' speech at the Cape Town Parliament.

Police leading away a protestor after the Sharpville Massacre.

At Home and Abroad

BROADCAST 1960
28 MINUTES

Government politicians blame black South Africans for violence after a demonstration.

A photograph of Sharpeville in 1960. Copyright Associated Press.

South African Dilemma 1

BROADCAST 1960
58 MINUTES

South Africans speak about the roots of apartheid and experiencing its daily reality.

Nelson Mandela before his imprisonment. Copyright Getty Images.

Panorama

Race Problems around the World

BROADCAST 1964
50 MINUTES

Racial tension around the world grows at the moment Nelson Mandela is imprisoned.

Cape Town parliament building.

24 Hours Special

Verwoerd Assassination

BROADCAST 1966
53 MINUTES

Special programme on the assassination of the prime minister of South Africa.

A 'Whites Only' sign on Durban beach.

Tuesday Documentary

Heart of Apartheid

BROADCAST 1968
50 MINUTES

What do non-white South Africans feel about apartheid?

Sign saying 'Welcome to Soweto'.

The World in Focus

Soweto

BROADCAST 1976
4 MINUTES

A vivid eye-witness report on the violence in Soweto in June 1976.

Very Right Revd. Desmond Tutu when Archbishop of Cape Town.

Panorama

After Soweto

BROADCAST 1976
23 MINUTES

The aftermath for South Africa of the recent violence in Soweto.

Afrikaners at a right-wing rally in 1986.

Panorama

Walking on Coals: The White Tribe of Africa

BROADCAST 1980
49 MINUTES

The growing legacy of bitterness as changes are made in South Africa.

Apartheid toilet sign in Cape Town.

News

South African Baby - Black or White?

BROADCAST 1983
2 MINUTES

An abandoned baby causes problems for South African bureaucracy.

Michael Buerk in Johannesburg.

Newsnight

Elections in South Africa

BROADCAST 1984
12 MINUTES

Reform in South Africa is criticised for not bringing an end to apartheid.

Aerial view of part of Soweto.

A Time and a Place

BROADCAST 1984
27 MINUTES

The indomitable civil-rights activist Ellen Kuzwayo in conversation.

A 'Blacks only' bus.

Panorama

South Africa

BROADCAST 1985
41 MINUTES

Viewpoints on life under apartheid in South Africa.

Winnie Mandela.

Week in Week Out

Liberation Women

BROADCAST 1985
29 MINUTES

How women in South Africa are leading the fight for an end to apartheid.

Photograph of Alexandria Township in 1994.

Panorama

The Comrades

BROADCAST 1986
39 MINUTES

'Panorama' investigates a young black revolutionary group.

Johannesburg skyline.

News

Bomb Attack in South Africa

BROADCAST 1988
1 MINUTE

Bomb attack wrecks fast-food restaurant near Johannesburg.

Nelson Mandela in Soweto © Getty images.

Arena

Miller Meets Mandela

BROADCAST 1991
60 MINUTES

Arthur Miller interviews Nelson Mandela, less than a year after his release.

President FW de Klerk.

News

Apartheid Laws Scrapped

BROADCAST 1991
4 MINUTES

Historic announcement from Cape Town Parliament on the end of apartheid.

Poster outside a polling booth in the 1994 General Election.

Newsnight

South African Elections

BROADCAST 1994
13 MINUTES

Hope amongst confusion as all South Africans vote for the first time.

The 'Blue Peter' team in 1996.

Blue Peter

Blue Peter in South Africa 1

BROADCAST 1996
25 MINUTES

Highlights of a 'Blue Peter' summer expedition to South Africa.

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