Parents' Notes

An-diugh 's An-dè (Today and Yesterday) contains three history activities for children in the early stages of primary school. Two activities are based on children's own lives and experiences while the other offers them the chance to travel back thousands of years to a Stone Age cave dwelling.

An Uaimh (Cave Dwellers)
Get ready for a Stone Age party. Can you find enough food to feed everyone, decorate the cave and build a fire? Two children act as guides through the different tasks and talk about life during the Stone Age.

Cave Dwellers

Ag Atharrachadh (How I Have Changed)
Show how have you changed since you were a baby. Place events from your life in a simple chronological sequence. Show Boban, the monkey, how much you have changed since you were born and he will dance and sing a song about growing up.

How I Have Changed

Mo Latha (My Day Now)
Place everyday events from a day in your life, such as attending school and watching television, in a chronological sequence. Print out your work and watch an animated film of your day.

My Day time line

Audio and Visual Help
Users can click on the Roghainnean (Preferences) button to:
• hear on-screen text being read out
• make captions available for most video and audio content
• resize on-screen text and change text and background colours.

The preference settings are not accessible from the Information for Parents and Teachers pages.

Parents' Notes - An Uaimh (Cave Dwellers)

This game takes you back to the Stone Age to perform various tasks in order to organise a party. Can you find enough food to feed everyone, decorate the cave and make sure that there will be a fire to dance around? Your guides are two Stone Age children who will tell you exactly what you have to do.

Click on the television screen in the corner of the modern living room to enter the world of the cave dwellers.

The Stone Age children invite you to help them prepare for a feast.

There are six tasks:
• make a pouch
• catch fish
• make a spear
• catch a mammoth
• build a fire
• create cave paintings.

Explore the landscape with your cursor and click on the objects hidden in the undergrowth.

Complete all the activities successfully to win four rocks and go to the party.

Click on the wooden board in the top left corner to access the activities.

Starting from the left, they are:
• equipment making
• food gathering
• fire building
• cave painting

Make tools
Click on the image on the left then choose one of two activities shown on the wooden board.

Make a Spear
Can you make a strong, sharp spear that flies through the air?

Choosing the right material is important. Stone Age spear-makers chose a tough wood (ash tree wood was used up to medieval times), sharpened at the tip into a point. Adding a flint tip made a sharper weapon.

A selection of materials is laid out on the ground.

Click and drag your choice of material onto the flashing part of the spear.

Make three spears for a chance at some target practice. Click on the spear and drag it with your mouse to aim. Click on the spear again to throw it.

Make a spear

Make a Pouch
Make a pouch that's big and tough enough to hold ten heavy rocks.

A pouch was useful for carrying home food such as berries and nuts. Like all Stone Age artefacts, it had to be made.

A selection of materials is laid out on the ground.

Click and drag your choice of material onto the flashing part of the pouch.

Test the strength of your pouch. Click on the rocks and drag them to the pouch. If it breaks you will have to start again.

Make a pouch

Gather Food
Choose an activity by clicking one of the two pictures on the wooden board.

Catch Fish
How many fish can you catch as they leap from the water?

A large haul of fish would make a filling feast for a Stone Age tribe. Watch out for the eagle, it's hungry and looking to eat the fish.

Catch fish

Catch as many fish as you can by clicking on the fish as they jump out of the water.

If you don't catch enough fish you will have to start again.

Mammoth Hunt
Can you trap a mammoth in a pit? It's not as easy as it sounds.

One mammoth provided enough food for a group of cave people for several days and would help them survive in a challenging and harsh environment. To hunt this huge animal, people had to use skill, brains and teamwork.

Hunt mammoth

Catch the mammoth by driving it towards a pit where it can be trapped. Hold the cursor to the left side of the mamoth to make it go right. Hold the cursor to the right side of the mamoth to make it go left.

After driving the mamoth into the pit, click on the spears to throw them at it.

Make a Fire
Can you help to make a big warm fire?

A Stone Age cave was a very cold and dark place to live but a fire could make it snug. People relied on fire for warmth and light, to scare off wild animals and for cooking.

Build a fire

Build the fire by clicking on suitable sticks and dragging them on to it. Dry wood works best so avoid using the wet sticks.

When you have enough sticks on the fire, the two stones will glow. Click on them and they create a spark that lights the fire.

Keep the fire going by:

• adding dry twigs to the fire
• clicking on the cave girl to make her blow on the fire.

If the fire either burns too fiercely or goes out, you will have to start again.

Cave Painting
Decorate the walls with your paintings.

The most famous cave paintings in Europe are in Lascaux, France and Altamira, Spain. Cave artists made their own paints using earth, soot, grease and plants. They painted on rock with sticks, fingers and brushes and pads made from fur, skin or moss.

Click on the images you want to use from the left hand wall and drag them to the wall in front of you.

Cave Painting

Click on the palette to choose a colour.

Click on the the finger icon on the wooden board to paint the images.

Click on the tool icon to make the images look like carvings.

Pictures can be printed.

Complete all the tasks successfully to earn four rocks and the opportunity to join the Cave Dwellers at their party.

Parents' Notes - Ag Atharrachadh - (How I Have Changed)

This activity is about time and growing up. It introduces the notions of passing time and how people change by placing identifiable events on a timeline. It also develops skills in ordering and narrative.

Show how you have changed since you were a baby by placing events from your life in a simple chronologial sequence:

• birthdays
• toys
• activities
• clothes
• food
• education
• pastimes
• stages of development.

Ag Atharrachadh

Click on the scrolling pictures on the left and drag them onto the climbing frame.

To take a closer look at the timeline click on the magnifying glass and use the arrows to move along it.

Colour the pictures by clicking on the crayon icon, choosing a colour and dragging it over the picture.

Click on the thumbs up icon when the timeline is complete.

Print your timeline and watch Boban, the moneky, sing a song about growing up.

Parents' Notes - Mo Latha (My Day)

This activity is designed to help children develop an understanding of how time passes during one day by placing events, such as attending school and watching television, in a chronological sequence.

Boban, the monkey, will guide you through the different steps.

Create the image that will represent you in the game by choosing:

• hair style
• hair colour
• eye colour
• clothes
• skin colour.

Gaelic days of the week wheel

Boban will then show a wheel displaying the days of the week. He even knows what day it is today, what day it was yesterday and what day it will be tomorrow.

Mo Latha time line

Click on the pictures and drag them onto the timeline at the bottom of the screen to show what you do from when you get up in the morning until you go to bed.

Change the order of the pictures by clicking on them and dragging them to another place on the timeline.

Print out your completed timeline and watch an animated version of your day.

Click on the bananas to return to the previous screen at any time.

Click on the melon to move on to the next screen.

Click on the orange to mute the sound.