As a child we lived in a village in the Sudan by name of Shambat a few miles North of Khartoum and opposite the town of Omdurman. My father kept a vegetable garden in the round mud fort which was part of the garden of our bungalow. We always believed it to be the Mahdi's fortification. Digging there he came across this spent shell presumably fired from Kitchener's gun boat that was shipped knock-down to Port Sudan or possibly Suakin and assembled on the Nile. The expedition to save Gordon from the Mahdi was too late as he was assasinated on the steps of government house. This was one of the more famous parts of British Colonial history. The subsequent administration of Sudan brought organisation, health care, education, rail roads ports and peace. There was no exploitation as Sudan had little or nothing to exploit. A remarkable part of the administration was the setting up of the Gezira Board which was effectively a cooperative of small time cotton farmers working the irrigated land between the Blue and White Niles.