Copy of the World's First Steam Railway Locomotive, built by the Coalbrookdale Co., 26 years before Stephenson's RocketThe Coalbrookdale Company built the world's first steam railway locomotive to a design by Richard Trevithick - 26 years before Stephenson's 'Rocket'. Trevithick came to Coalbrookdale from Cornwall because he believed the Coalbrookdale ironmasters owned one of the few companies who could build a boiler that could withstand much higher pressures than the normal riveted wrought-iron plates. At one and a quarter inches thick the boiler could run at a steam pressure of 45 pounds per square inch - most stationary engines at that time could only achieve 14 psi. With no preconceptions of what a locomotive should look like, the Trevithick locomotive might appear strange to us today, e.g. Trevithick put a chimney at the back. The locomotive ran on the Coalbrookdale 3ft gauge plateway track. Whilst the original does not survive, a replica, built in 1989-90 at GKN Sankey in Telford, currently runs at Blists Hill Victorian Town.
Copy of the World's First Steam Railway Locomotive, built by the Coalbrookdale Co., 26 years before Stephenson's Rocket