Concentration camp victim's painting

Contributed by Libby Ainley

Concentration camp victim's  painting

Johanna Rose Neumark, ( known as Anni and born 1871) a German Jewish dentist, inherited control of the Bremen-based Leuwer Publishing house in 1916, when her husband died.
During the Nazi period she lost the business and her home, and was arrested and transported to Theresienstadt by the 1942 . She died in that concentration camp a year later.
Her son, Franz, who later renamed himself Frank Lynder, had escaped to England in 1936. During the war he joined the British army and distinguished himself in Bomb Disposal and in the Special Operations Executive. He had tried in vain to persuade his mother to escape to Britain, but she was adamant:
"An old tree is hard to transplant. No matter what happens, they won't do anything to an old lady like me."
After the war Frank Lynder (my father) returned to Bremen. His mother's neighbours had rushed in just before she was arrested and grabbed the oil painting which was hanging in the hall. They returned the painting to him.
Frank Lynder did not regain control of the family business, home or possessions, but by returning the oil painting his mother's neighbours revealed that some Germans wanted to make reparations.

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  • 1 comment
  • 1. At 22:10 on 30 July 2012, ashfish47 wrote:

    Most interesting. My Great Grandfather was Bernard Neumark from Wittmund and one of his brothers was Moritz Neumark who was an industrialist, also sent to Theresienstadt where he died of heart failure [no tablets]. Bernard married Johanna and they came to England in 1893, lived in London and are buried in Willesden Jewish Cemetery. It is the same family, but just another branch. The painting is so beautiful and how wonderful to have it returned to the family.

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Germany, probably Bremen


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